Editor’s note: This is the second post in my series about content marketing. To read the first post about the benefits of content marketing, click here.

The first step to building a successful content marketing program is to develop a strategy to guide you. Unfortunately, many companies never do, and as a result lack the organization and focus that it takes to get real results.

Although creating a full-fledged strategy may seem daunting, it will be a lot easier if you start out by creating a basic framework to help guide your content marketing efforts. In this post, we will walk you through the four components that you should base your framework upon, which include:

  • Your knowledge of your target audience
  • The actions you want your audience to take as a result of consuming your content
  • The actual content you plan on creating
  • The ways you intend to deliver that content

Let’s take a closer look at each one of these components:

1) How well you know your buyers

To create content that resonates with your buyers and that is ultimately able to shepherd them down the path to purchase, it’s critical that you understand who those buyers are. Start out by gathering as much information about them as possible by either interviewing them yourself or by talking to the customer-facing people in your organization. When you do, try to find out:

  • What their role in the buying process is
  • What their needs and pain points are
  • What will motivate them to make a purchase
  • Who influences their buying decisions
  • What concerns they have that might prevent them from making a purchase

Next, compile all of the information you gather into a buyer persona — a short but useful description of that buyer — to help solidify your understanding. Here’s an example of what a buyer persona might look like:

Adam is a VP of sales and needs a better CRM. He finds his existing tool frustrating because it is too slow and unreliable, but he doesn’t know there are better solutions available. Adam is the final decision-maker and while price is an important motivating factor when making a purchase, he’s most concerned with functionality and ease of use.

As part of your research, you also need to study your buyer’s journey, i.e., the steps that they will take leading up to making a purchase. In doing so, figure out where along that journey your buyer is mostly likely to get hung up or stuck and why. For example, a simplified buyer’s journey might look like this, where the sticking points are in red:


Your job as a content marketer is to attack those sticking points by creating the content necessary to ease whatever concerns your buyers have.

2) The actions you want your buyers to take

Once you have a good understanding of your buyers and their buyer journey, it’s time to think about what actions you will want them to take as a result of consuming your content. These might include:

  • Visiting a specific page on your website
  • Opening an e-mail
  • Downloading a piece of your content
  • Sharing a piece of your content socially
  • Signing up for your e-newsletter

Each of those actions is a conversion, and while your ultimate conversion goal will be to get them to make a purchase, your buyers will likely need to complete a series of much smaller conversions over time that ultimately lead up to that purchase.

Make sure that you are setting a conversion goal for each piece of content that you create, and that each conversion goal is appropriate the corresponding stage of the buyer journey for which it is intended. For example, trying to get prospects who are just visiting your site for the first time to buy from you is probably an unrealistic conversion goal. A more appropriate objective might be to get them to visit a specific page on your website or to fill out a form.

3) The content you are going to create

The next aspect of your strategy that you need to consider is the content itself. Specifically, you’ll want to decide what content format is most appropriate for what you’re trying to achieve as well as which topics and messaging each piece of content should include.

To help you make the decision and ensure that you are creating content that will resonate with your buyers, consider what you already know about them, their needs, and their preferences. Likewise, you will want to ensure that the type of content you select is appropriate for the stage of the buyer journey that you are targeting and for the specific conversion goal that you are after. No matter how good your white papers may be, for example, they probably aren’t the right form of content for drawing new buyers with limited attention spans into your sales funnel.

4) How you will deliver your content

The last component of your strategy that you need to consider is how you will get your content to your buyers, a point that we will go into more detail about in a later post. Your task at this stage is to figure out which methods are most effective given what you know about your buyers and the stage of the buyer journey that they are in. In the process, you will want to keep a few basic guidelines in mind:

  • Cheaper forms of contact such as e-mail or social media are generally better than more expensive ones such as advertising. Why use your budget on content delivery unless you have to?
  • You will need to use multiple forms of contact to get your content out. It’s not enough to just post content to your website, you need to share it socially, post it to content-hosting sites, and find every relevant way you can to maximize the chances of getting it in front of your audience.
  • The easier the form of contact is to execute the better so that you aren’t devoting all of your time to distributing your content.
  • Make sure that form of contact is good enough to drive the specific conversion that you are after.

Remember, how you deliver your content is just as, if not more, important than the content itself, so you will want to ensure that you get this step right.

Once you have a solid grasp of these four components, organize the information that you gather about each into a single matrix or framework and examine how they work together. If they are all carefully thought through and aligned with each other, you will be well on your way to developing a successful content strategy.

In the next post in this series, we will be talking about how to create great content.